Stress and Symptoms
Stress results from stressors that cause the fight-or-flight response. Adrenaline and cortisol are released which sets off a series of physical reactions within the human body. These are the symptoms experienced as a result of the chain reaction that occurs. The stress strains the body and leads to physical and psychological symptoms.
Everyday living is full of conflicts, frustration, changes and pressure. Sometimes, positive situations may create stress, like a job promotion that requires adjustment time. Scientists believe that chronic, intense stress can lead to physical illnesses by decreasing the efficiency of the disease-fighting cells in the body. Not everyone develops disease based on coping skills and the type and amount of stress present. What seems particularly important is a persons ability to express their feelings rather than denying the feelings exist. Hence, the importance of communication.
Sources of stress include environmental and physiological/psychological sources.
- Environmental stress may include such things as difficulty finding a parking space, demands of friends or family, social commitments, financial problems, illness, environmental pollutants, poor diet, lack of exercise, losses, death of family or friend, accidents, … any situation or event outside the physical body.
External stress also has psychological/physiological components.
- Frustration, conflicts, changes and pressure are key elements.
- Frustration results from blocking of needs and goals. Inclues: failures, hurtful relatioships, losses, delays, accidents. Each has a psychological component.
- Internal factors include: physical handicaps, poor basic skills or no basic skills, poor self belief and image, self-imposed barriers.These block pursuit of goals.
- Conflicts occurs when two or more personalities, ideas, motivations, behaviors are incompatible.
- Change Involves life changes like changes in relationships, living arrangements, financial ability, career changes, physical illness.
- Pressure involves expectations and demands for certain behaviors. Called “Hurry Sickness” of modern living. This occurs at home, work, school, internal self imposed expectations and social interactions. Performed roles and responsibilities that are expected by self or others.
What irrational or unreal expectations or beliefs do you hold? Are you heading for burnout? What ways do you perform/push yourself before others? For whom? Do you expect perfection from yourself? How do you handle pressures of daily living?